The Slovene National Theatre was founded on the liberated territory with the statute of the the Executive Committe of the Liberation Front (IOOF) on January 12, 1944. Most of the actors had been professional actors before the war, having embarked on their professional journey with the Jerman group. After a month’s work of assembling the stage in Črnomelj, and acquiring the props and wardrobe, as well as rehearsals, the theatre was inaugurated with the debut performance of Ivan Cankar’s play King on Betajnova under the directorship of Matej Bor. The second debut performance was a re-enactment of Mile Klopčič’s one-act play Mother. Having the same director and cast, this play had an earlier premiere in Kočevje for the occasion of the Assembly of the Delegates of the Slovene Nation. Thirteen more premieres were to follow, overall more than a hundred-and-thirty performances, commemorative events and cultural programmes. An up-to-date repertoire was put together, encompassing homegrown politically engaged authors, alongside classical works by Slovene, Yugoslav and international authors.